Brahma was born of the golden egg, HIRANYAGARBHA. When the egg divided into two parts, heaven and earth were formed. Between these was the sky. He is also said to have sprung from Vishnu’s navel, on a lotus, symbolizing rebirth from the seeds of the past manifestations. A day of Brahma is called as KALPA and is equivalent to 4320 million years. His perch is on Mount MERU and is called as BRAHMAPURA or BRAHMALOKA.
He is the uncreated creator – SVAYAMBHU – the self-born first person and his consort Saraswati manifested out of him and all creatures of the world resulted from their union. Thus he is THE CREATOR.
He is the lord of scholarship and the four Vedas came from his mouth. His consort Saraswati is the goddess of higher learning and arts. Both are thus connected with the art of sculpture, architecture, painting, writing, drama, dance and music and are worshipped by those seeking spiritual and intellectual advancement.
From Brahma’s body came the four castes of the Hindus: the BRAHMANS or priests from his mouth; the KSHATRIYAS or soldiers from his arms; the VAISHYAS or traders from his thigh and the SUDRA or menial workers from his feet.